2019开平新意念哪号技师

湖南省人民政府门户网站 发布时间:20191115 【字体:

  2019开平新意念哪号技师

  

  20191115 ,>>【2019开平新意念哪号技师】>>,Morethan1,000businessesandorganizationsfromseveralcountiesandcitiesinTaiwanareshowcasingtheirproductsandservicesattheongoingGuangzhouTaiwanCommoditiesFair.(Photosprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn)TheChinesemainlandhasworkedoutfavorableinvestmentpoliciestobetterhelpTaiwanentrepreneursdevelopinoneoftheworld'sbiggestmarkets,aseniorleadersaidonMondayinNanjing,Jiangsuprovince.WangYang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeople'sPoliticalConsultativeConference,said26measurestofurtherpromoteeconomicandculturalcooperationacrosstheTaiwanStraitstookeffectonMonday.Wangmadetheremarkwhileaddressingtheopeningceremonyofthe2019Cross-StraitsEntrepreneursZijinMountainSummit,heldinNanjingonMondayandTuesday.Morethan360companiesfromTaiwanand1,200companiesfromthemainlandareattendingthesummit.Thepolicies,calledthe"26measures",letTaiwan-fundedcompaniestakepartinproducingmajortechnicalequipment,5G,civilaviationandotheradvancedprojectsonthemainland,givingthemequalaccesstofinancing,tradereliefandimportandexportfacilitation.TheyalsoprovideTaiwanresidentslivingonthemainlandwithmoreconvenienceintransportation,housingandevaluationofprofessionaltitles."ThemainlandhasbeenTaiwan'slargestexportmarketfor18consecutiveyearsandbroughtalargesurplustoTaiwan,"Wangsaidinthespeech."ItisalsoTaiwan'slargestinvestmentdestinationoutsidetheisland,whichnotonlybringshugeprofitstoTaiwancompaniesbutalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofTaiwan'seconomy."AsurveyofTaiwan-fundedcompaniesatthebeginningoftheyearshowedthat94percentofthemwouldcontinuetoincreaseorstabilizetheirinvestmentonthemainland,"hesaid.FromJanuarytoSeptember,themainland'suseofTaiwancapitalroseby40percent,andmanyprojectswithatotalinvestmentofmorethan$1billionweresignedorstartedconstruction."Themainlandwas,isandwillalwaysbethebestchoiceforTaiwanbusinesspeopletoinvestanddevelop,"Wangsaid.SiewWan-chang,honorarychairmanoftheTaiwan-basedCross-StraitsCommonMarketFoundation,saidattheceremonythatthemeasureswilldeependevelopmentandestablishajointmarketbetweenTaiwanandthemainland."Despitetheglobaleconomicturmoilanddisputesinthecross-Straitsrelationshipinrecentyears,westillfirmlyholdtotheestablishedgoalsanddirections,andmakeeffortstobroadencooperationforcompaniesfromacrosstheStraits,"Siewsaid.LinPor-fong,chairmanofTaiwanGlassIndustryCorporation,saidthatthemainlandhasofferedlotsofhelp,shareddevelopmentopportunitiesandprovidedequaltreatmenttoTaiwancompanies."Themainlandhasputforwardthe'31measures'tohelpTaiwancompanies.Manyofushavebenefitedfromthem,andIbelievethatthe'26measures'willfurtherimprovetheinvestmentandlivingenvironmentofTaiwancompaniesandpeople,"Linsaid.The"31measures",unveiledlastyear,aimedtogiveTaiwanresidentswhostudyandworkonthemainlandthesametreatmentasmainlandresidents.Morethantwo-thirdsofTaiwan'stop100privatecompanieshaveinvestedinJiangsu.Morethan6,300projects,eachwithaninvestmentofmorethan$10million,havebeenstartedinJiangsubyTaiwancompanies,accordingtotheJiangsuprovincialTaiwanaffairsoffice.LouQinjian,PartysecretaryofJiangsu,saidtheprovincehasandwillcontinuetogivepreferentialpoliciestoTaiwancompaniestohelpthemdeveloponthemainland.

   Morethan1,000businessesandorganizationsfromseveralcountiesandcitiesinTaiwanareshowcasingtheirproductsandservicesattheongoingGuangzhouTaiwanCommoditiesFair.(Photosprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn)TheChinesemainlandhasworkedoutfavorableinvestmentpoliciestobetterhelpTaiwanentrepreneursdevelopinoneoftheworld'sbiggestmarkets,aseniorleadersaidonMondayinNanjing,Jiangsuprovince.WangYang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeople'sPoliticalConsultativeConference,said26measurestofurtherpromoteeconomicandculturalcooperationacrosstheTaiwanStraitstookeffectonMonday.Wangmadetheremarkwhileaddressingtheopeningceremonyofthe2019Cross-StraitsEntrepreneursZijinMountainSummit,heldinNanjingonMondayandTuesday.Morethan360companiesfromTaiwanand1,200companiesfromthemainlandareattendingthesummit.Thepolicies,calledthe"26measures",letTaiwan-fundedcompaniestakepartinproducingmajortechnicalequipment,5G,civilaviationandotheradvancedprojectsonthemainland,givingthemequalaccesstofinancing,tradereliefandimportandexportfacilitation.TheyalsoprovideTaiwanresidentslivingonthemainlandwithmoreconvenienceintransportation,housingandevaluationofprofessionaltitles."ThemainlandhasbeenTaiwan'slargestexportmarketfor18consecutiveyearsandbroughtalargesurplustoTaiwan,"Wangsaidinthespeech."ItisalsoTaiwan'slargestinvestmentdestinationoutsidetheisland,whichnotonlybringshugeprofitstoTaiwancompaniesbutalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofTaiwan'seconomy."AsurveyofTaiwan-fundedcompaniesatthebeginningoftheyearshowedthat94percentofthemwouldcontinuetoincreaseorstabilizetheirinvestmentonthemainland,"hesaid.FromJanuarytoSeptember,themainland'suseofTaiwancapitalroseby40percent,andmanyprojectswithatotalinvestmentofmorethan$1billionweresignedorstartedconstruction."Themainlandwas,isandwillalwaysbethebestchoiceforTaiwanbusinesspeopletoinvestanddevelop,"Wangsaid.SiewWan-chang,honorarychairmanoftheTaiwan-basedCross-StraitsCommonMarketFoundation,saidattheceremonythatthemeasureswilldeependevelopmentandestablishajointmarketbetweenTaiwanandthemainland."Despitetheglobaleconomicturmoilanddisputesinthecross-Straitsrelationshipinrecentyears,westillfirmlyholdtotheestablishedgoalsanddirections,andmakeeffortstobroadencooperationforcompaniesfromacrosstheStraits,"Siewsaid.LinPor-fong,chairmanofTaiwanGlassIndustryCorporation,saidthatthemainlandhasofferedlotsofhelp,shareddevelopmentopportunitiesandprovidedequaltreatmenttoTaiwancompanies."Themainlandhasputforwardthe'31measures'tohelpTaiwancompanies.Manyofushavebenefitedfromthem,andIbelievethatthe'26measures'willfurtherimprovetheinvestmentandlivingenvironmentofTaiwancompaniesandpeople,"Linsaid.The"31measures",unveiledlastyear,aimedtogiveTaiwanresidentswhostudyandworkonthemainlandthesametreatmentasmainlandresidents.Morethantwo-thirdsofTaiwan'stop100privatecompanieshaveinvestedinJiangsu.Morethan6,300projects,eachwithaninvestmentofmorethan$10million,havebeenstartedinJiangsubyTaiwancompanies,accordingtotheJiangsuprovincialTaiwanaffairsoffice.LouQinjian,PartysecretaryofJiangsu,saidtheprovincehasandwillcontinuetogivepreferentialpoliciestoTaiwancompaniestohelpthemdeveloponthemainland.Morethan1,000businessesandorganizationsfromseveralcountiesandcitiesinTaiwanareshowcasingtheirproductsandservicesattheongoingGuangzhouTaiwanCommoditiesFair.(Photosprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn)TheChinesemainlandhasworkedoutfavorableinvestmentpoliciestobetterhelpTaiwanentrepreneursdevelopinoneoftheworld'sbiggestmarkets,aseniorleadersaidonMondayinNanjing,Jiangsuprovince.WangYang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeople'sPoliticalConsultativeConference,said26measurestofurtherpromoteeconomicandculturalcooperationacrosstheTaiwanStraitstookeffectonMonday.Wangmadetheremarkwhileaddressingtheopeningceremonyofthe2019Cross-StraitsEntrepreneursZijinMountainSummit,heldinNanjingonMondayandTuesday.Morethan360companiesfromTaiwanand1,200companiesfromthemainlandareattendingthesummit.Thepolicies,calledthe"26measures",letTaiwan-fundedcompaniestakepartinproducingmajortechnicalequipment,5G,civilaviationandotheradvancedprojectsonthemainland,givingthemequalaccesstofinancing,tradereliefandimportandexportfacilitation.TheyalsoprovideTaiwanresidentslivingonthemainlandwithmoreconvenienceintransportation,housingandevaluationofprofessionaltitles."ThemainlandhasbeenTaiwan'slargestexportmarketfor18consecutiveyearsandbroughtalargesurplustoTaiwan,"Wangsaidinthespeech."ItisalsoTaiwan'slargestinvestmentdestinationoutsidetheisland,whichnotonlybringshugeprofitstoTaiwancompaniesbutalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofTaiwan'seconomy."AsurveyofTaiwan-fundedcompaniesatthebeginningoftheyearshowedthat94percentofthemwouldcontinuetoincreaseorstabilizetheirinvestmentonthemainland,"hesaid.FromJanuarytoSeptember,themainland'suseofTaiwancapitalroseby40percent,andmanyprojectswithatotalinvestmentofmorethan$1billionweresignedorstartedconstruction."Themainlandwas,isandwillalwaysbethebestchoiceforTaiwanbusinesspeopletoinvestanddevelop,"Wangsaid.SiewWan-chang,honorarychairmanoftheTaiwan-basedCross-StraitsCommonMarketFoundation,saidattheceremonythatthemeasureswilldeependevelopmentandestablishajointmarketbetweenTaiwanandthemainland."Despitetheglobaleconomicturmoilanddisputesinthecross-Straitsrelationshipinrecentyears,westillfirmlyholdtotheestablishedgoalsanddirections,andmakeeffortstobroadencooperationforcompaniesfromacrosstheStraits,"Siewsaid.LinPor-fong,chairmanofTaiwanGlassIndustryCorporation,saidthatthemainlandhasofferedlotsofhelp,shareddevelopmentopportunitiesandprovidedequaltreatmenttoTaiwancompanies."Themainlandhasputforwardthe'31measures'tohelpTaiwancompanies.Manyofushavebenefitedfromthem,andIbelievethatthe'26measures'willfurtherimprovetheinvestmentandlivingenvironmentofTaiwancompaniesandpeople,"Linsaid.The"31measures",unveiledlastyear,aimedtogiveTaiwanresidentswhostudyandworkonthemainlandthesametreatmentasmainlandresidents.Morethantwo-thirdsofTaiwan'stop100privatecompanieshaveinvestedinJiangsu.Morethan6,300projects,eachwithaninvestmentofmorethan$10million,havebeenstartedinJiangsubyTaiwancompanies,accordingtotheJiangsuprovincialTaiwanaffairsoffice.LouQinjian,PartysecretaryofJiangsu,saidtheprovincehasandwillcontinuetogivepreferentialpoliciestoTaiwancompaniestohelpthemdeveloponthemainland.

 

  AsplannersformannedspacemissionsmovesteadilytowardthegoalofplacingChineseastronautsonthemoon,theyhavealsostartedsettingtheirsightsonamuchfartherdestination—Mars.Scientistshavebeenmakingpreparationsforthecountry'smannedlunarmissions,includingtheestablishmentofamannedscientificoutpost,accordingtothenation'sleadingspacecontractor,ChinaAerospaceScienceandTechnologyCorp.ThecompanysaidtheultimategoalofChina'slunarexpeditionsistolaythescientificandtechnologicalfoundationsformannedmissionstoMars."Thenextstepsin(China's)mannedspaceprogramswillbemannedexplorationofthemoon,"theState-ownedspaceconglomeratequotedmannedspaceprogramofficialsassayinginastatementsentto-ChinaDaily."(Wewill)setupbasesonthemoontoconductscientificoperations,expandahabitableplaceformankindandgainexperienceandexpertisefordeep-spaceexpeditionsbeyondthemoon.Thelong-termgoalistosendhumanstoMars."ItisthefirsttimethatChina'sspaceindustryhaspubliclyunveiledaplanformannedmissionstotheredplanet.PangZhihao,aspacetechnologyresearcherinBeijing,saiditisverymeaningfulformankindtoreachMars,addingthatsomeChinesescientistshaveproposedamannedMarsmissionbefore2050."SendingastronautstherewillgivemanbetteropportunitiestolookfortracesoflifeonMars.Thisisimportantbecauseinoursolarsystem,MarsresemblesEarththemost,soresearchintothepossibilityoftheexistenceoflifetherewillenableustobetterunderstandtheoriginandevolutionoflifeonourmotherplanet."Also,therearetheoriesthatMarswasverysimilartoEarthintermsofenvironmentbillionsofyearsago,somannedmissionswillallowextended,specificsurveysthatwillhelptoforecasthowEarthwilllikelygrow,"theresearchersaid.IfexistingunmannedmissionsfindanyformofwateronMars,thenastronautscanbesenttheretoestablishoutpoststoexplorethefeasibilityoflarge-scaleinterplanetaryimmigrationincaseofcatastrophiccontingenciesonEarthlikeanimpactfromextraterrestrialbodies,accordingtoPang.However,scientistsandengineersmustovercomeagreatmanydifficultiestosendamannedmissiontoMars,hesaid."Firstofall,MarsisveryfarfromEarth—theclosestdistanceis55millionkilometers,whichmeansaroundtripwilltakemorethan500days,"theresearchersaid."Second,puttingamannedrocketintotheEarth-Marstransfertrajectorywillrequireittobeabletoflyattheescapevelocity,or11.2kmpersecond."OtherfactorsthatshouldbetakenintoconsiderationincludedisturbancesincommunicationbetweenaMars-boundspacecraftandEarth,sourcesofenergytosustainoperationsonMarsandastronauts'healthriskscausedbyalengthystayonMars."Thedecreaseofbonemineraldensity,spaceradiationandmentalhealthwillposethreatstoastronautsandtheirmissions.Scientistswillneedtodevelopareliablebioregenerativelife-supportsystem,"Pangsaid."Ofcourse,iftheydevelopsomesortofgame-changingpropulsionsystemlikeanuclear-poweredrocket,thenthetimeneededforaMarsjourneywouldbetremendouslyshortenedandsuchamission'scomplexitywouldbehugelyreduced."XingQiang,anindependentresearcherandfounderofMicro-RocketUnion,anonprofitspaceresearchorganizationinBeijing,saidmankind'sexistingtechnologiesarenotgoodenoughforamannedmissiontoMarsandareonlysufficientforexpeditionswithahumancrewtoorbittheplanet."ThemostessentialpartinamannedMarsjourneywouldbeasuperpowerfulrocketequippedwithanupperstagecapableofmakinguptosixorbitalmaneuvers.Therocketwouldcarrysomanythings—allthenecessitiesastronautsneedonMarsandduringthereturnflight,"hesaid."EventheLongMarch9wouldnotbestrongenoughforsuchamission."LongMarch9,inresearchanddevelopment,isexpectedtobetheworld'smightiestrocket.Morethan1,000businessesandorganizationsfromseveralcountiesandcitiesinTaiwanareshowcasingtheirproductsandservicesattheongoingGuangzhouTaiwanCommoditiesFair.(Photosprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn)TheChinesemainlandhasworkedoutfavorableinvestmentpoliciestobetterhelpTaiwanentrepreneursdevelopinoneoftheworld'sbiggestmarkets,aseniorleadersaidonMondayinNanjing,Jiangsuprovince.WangYang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeople'sPoliticalConsultativeConference,said26measurestofurtherpromoteeconomicandculturalcooperationacrosstheTaiwanStraitstookeffectonMonday.Wangmadetheremarkwhileaddressingtheopeningceremonyofthe2019Cross-StraitsEntrepreneursZijinMountainSummit,heldinNanjingonMondayandTuesday.Morethan360companiesfromTaiwanand1,200companiesfromthemainlandareattendingthesummit.Thepolicies,calledthe"26measures",letTaiwan-fundedcompaniestakepartinproducingmajortechnicalequipment,5G,civilaviationandotheradvancedprojectsonthemainland,givingthemequalaccesstofinancing,tradereliefandimportandexportfacilitation.TheyalsoprovideTaiwanresidentslivingonthemainlandwithmoreconvenienceintransportation,housingandevaluationofprofessionaltitles."ThemainlandhasbeenTaiwan'slargestexportmarketfor18consecutiveyearsandbroughtalargesurplustoTaiwan,"Wangsaidinthespeech."ItisalsoTaiwan'slargestinvestmentdestinationoutsidetheisland,whichnotonlybringshugeprofitstoTaiwancompaniesbutalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofTaiwan'seconomy."AsurveyofTaiwan-fundedcompaniesatthebeginningoftheyearshowedthat94percentofthemwouldcontinuetoincreaseorstabilizetheirinvestmentonthemainland,"hesaid.FromJanuarytoSeptember,themainland'suseofTaiwancapitalroseby40percent,andmanyprojectswithatotalinvestmentofmorethan$1billionweresignedorstartedconstruction."Themainlandwas,isandwillalwaysbethebestchoiceforTaiwanbusinesspeopletoinvestanddevelop,"Wangsaid.SiewWan-chang,honorarychairmanoftheTaiwan-basedCross-StraitsCommonMarketFoundation,saidattheceremonythatthemeasureswilldeependevelopmentandestablishajointmarketbetweenTaiwanandthemainland."Despitetheglobaleconomicturmoilanddisputesinthecross-Straitsrelationshipinrecentyears,westillfirmlyholdtotheestablishedgoalsanddirections,andmakeeffortstobroadencooperationforcompaniesfromacrosstheStraits,"Siewsaid.LinPor-fong,chairmanofTaiwanGlassIndustryCorporation,saidthatthemainlandhasofferedlotsofhelp,shareddevelopmentopportunitiesandprovidedequaltreatmenttoTaiwancompanies."Themainlandhasputforwardthe'31measures'tohelpTaiwancompanies.Manyofushavebenefitedfromthem,andIbelievethatthe'26measures'willfurtherimprovetheinvestmentandlivingenvironmentofTaiwancompaniesandpeople,"Linsaid.The"31measures",unveiledlastyear,aimedtogiveTaiwanresidentswhostudyandworkonthemainlandthesametreatmentasmainlandresidents.Morethantwo-thirdsofTaiwan'stop100privatecompanieshaveinvestedinJiangsu.Morethan6,300projects,eachwithaninvestmentofmorethan$10million,havebeenstartedinJiangsubyTaiwancompanies,accordingtotheJiangsuprovincialTaiwanaffairsoffice.LouQinjian,PartysecretaryofJiangsu,saidtheprovincehasandwillcontinuetogivepreferentialpoliciestoTaiwancompaniestohelpthemdeveloponthemainland.

 

  <<|2019开平新意念哪号技师|>>AsplannersformannedspacemissionsmovesteadilytowardthegoalofplacingChineseastronautsonthemoon,theyhavealsostartedsettingtheirsightsonamuchfartherdestination—Mars.Scientistshavebeenmakingpreparationsforthecountry'smannedlunarmissions,includingtheestablishmentofamannedscientificoutpost,accordingtothenation'sleadingspacecontractor,ChinaAerospaceScienceandTechnologyCorp.ThecompanysaidtheultimategoalofChina'slunarexpeditionsistolaythescientificandtechnologicalfoundationsformannedmissionstoMars."Thenextstepsin(China's)mannedspaceprogramswillbemannedexplorationofthemoon,"theState-ownedspaceconglomeratequotedmannedspaceprogramofficialsassayinginastatementsentto-ChinaDaily."(Wewill)setupbasesonthemoontoconductscientificoperations,expandahabitableplaceformankindandgainexperienceandexpertisefordeep-spaceexpeditionsbeyondthemoon.Thelong-termgoalistosendhumanstoMars."ItisthefirsttimethatChina'sspaceindustryhaspubliclyunveiledaplanformannedmissionstotheredplanet.PangZhihao,aspacetechnologyresearcherinBeijing,saiditisverymeaningfulformankindtoreachMars,addingthatsomeChinesescientistshaveproposedamannedMarsmissionbefore2050."SendingastronautstherewillgivemanbetteropportunitiestolookfortracesoflifeonMars.Thisisimportantbecauseinoursolarsystem,MarsresemblesEarththemost,soresearchintothepossibilityoftheexistenceoflifetherewillenableustobetterunderstandtheoriginandevolutionoflifeonourmotherplanet."Also,therearetheoriesthatMarswasverysimilartoEarthintermsofenvironmentbillionsofyearsago,somannedmissionswillallowextended,specificsurveysthatwillhelptoforecasthowEarthwilllikelygrow,"theresearchersaid.IfexistingunmannedmissionsfindanyformofwateronMars,thenastronautscanbesenttheretoestablishoutpoststoexplorethefeasibilityoflarge-scaleinterplanetaryimmigrationincaseofcatastrophiccontingenciesonEarthlikeanimpactfromextraterrestrialbodies,accordingtoPang.However,scientistsandengineersmustovercomeagreatmanydifficultiestosendamannedmissiontoMars,hesaid."Firstofall,MarsisveryfarfromEarth—theclosestdistanceis55millionkilometers,whichmeansaroundtripwilltakemorethan500days,"theresearchersaid."Second,puttingamannedrocketintotheEarth-Marstransfertrajectorywillrequireittobeabletoflyattheescapevelocity,or11.2kmpersecond."OtherfactorsthatshouldbetakenintoconsiderationincludedisturbancesincommunicationbetweenaMars-boundspacecraftandEarth,sourcesofenergytosustainoperationsonMarsandastronauts'healthriskscausedbyalengthystayonMars."Thedecreaseofbonemineraldensity,spaceradiationandmentalhealthwillposethreatstoastronautsandtheirmissions.Scientistswillneedtodevelopareliablebioregenerativelife-supportsystem,"Pangsaid."Ofcourse,iftheydevelopsomesortofgame-changingpropulsionsystemlikeanuclear-poweredrocket,thenthetimeneededforaMarsjourneywouldbetremendouslyshortenedandsuchamission'scomplexitywouldbehugelyreduced."XingQiang,anindependentresearcherandfounderofMicro-RocketUnion,anonprofitspaceresearchorganizationinBeijing,saidmankind'sexistingtechnologiesarenotgoodenoughforamannedmissiontoMarsandareonlysufficientforexpeditionswithahumancrewtoorbittheplanet."ThemostessentialpartinamannedMarsjourneywouldbeasuperpowerfulrocketequippedwithanupperstagecapableofmakinguptosixorbitalmaneuvers.Therocketwouldcarrysomanythings—allthenecessitiesastronautsneedonMarsandduringthereturnflight,"hesaid."EventheLongMarch9wouldnotbestrongenoughforsuchamission."LongMarch9,inresearchanddevelopment,isexpectedtobetheworld'smightiestrocket.

   AsplannersformannedspacemissionsmovesteadilytowardthegoalofplacingChineseastronautsonthemoon,theyhavealsostartedsettingtheirsightsonamuchfartherdestination—Mars.Scientistshavebeenmakingpreparationsforthecountry'smannedlunarmissions,includingtheestablishmentofamannedscientificoutpost,accordingtothenation'sleadingspacecontractor,ChinaAerospaceScienceandTechnologyCorp.ThecompanysaidtheultimategoalofChina'slunarexpeditionsistolaythescientificandtechnologicalfoundationsformannedmissionstoMars."Thenextstepsin(China's)mannedspaceprogramswillbemannedexplorationofthemoon,"theState-ownedspaceconglomeratequotedmannedspaceprogramofficialsassayinginastatementsentto-ChinaDaily."(Wewill)setupbasesonthemoontoconductscientificoperations,expandahabitableplaceformankindandgainexperienceandexpertisefordeep-spaceexpeditionsbeyondthemoon.Thelong-termgoalistosendhumanstoMars."ItisthefirsttimethatChina'sspaceindustryhaspubliclyunveiledaplanformannedmissionstotheredplanet.PangZhihao,aspacetechnologyresearcherinBeijing,saiditisverymeaningfulformankindtoreachMars,addingthatsomeChinesescientistshaveproposedamannedMarsmissionbefore2050."SendingastronautstherewillgivemanbetteropportunitiestolookfortracesoflifeonMars.Thisisimportantbecauseinoursolarsystem,MarsresemblesEarththemost,soresearchintothepossibilityoftheexistenceoflifetherewillenableustobetterunderstandtheoriginandevolutionoflifeonourmotherplanet."Also,therearetheoriesthatMarswasverysimilartoEarthintermsofenvironmentbillionsofyearsago,somannedmissionswillallowextended,specificsurveysthatwillhelptoforecasthowEarthwilllikelygrow,"theresearchersaid.IfexistingunmannedmissionsfindanyformofwateronMars,thenastronautscanbesenttheretoestablishoutpoststoexplorethefeasibilityoflarge-scaleinterplanetaryimmigrationincaseofcatastrophiccontingenciesonEarthlikeanimpactfromextraterrestrialbodies,accordingtoPang.However,scientistsandengineersmustovercomeagreatmanydifficultiestosendamannedmissiontoMars,hesaid."Firstofall,MarsisveryfarfromEarth—theclosestdistanceis55millionkilometers,whichmeansaroundtripwilltakemorethan500days,"theresearchersaid."Second,puttingamannedrocketintotheEarth-Marstransfertrajectorywillrequireittobeabletoflyattheescapevelocity,or11.2kmpersecond."OtherfactorsthatshouldbetakenintoconsiderationincludedisturbancesincommunicationbetweenaMars-boundspacecraftandEarth,sourcesofenergytosustainoperationsonMarsandastronauts'healthriskscausedbyalengthystayonMars."Thedecreaseofbonemineraldensity,spaceradiationandmentalhealthwillposethreatstoastronautsandtheirmissions.Scientistswillneedtodevelopareliablebioregenerativelife-supportsystem,"Pangsaid."Ofcourse,iftheydevelopsomesortofgame-changingpropulsionsystemlikeanuclear-poweredrocket,thenthetimeneededforaMarsjourneywouldbetremendouslyshortenedandsuchamission'scomplexitywouldbehugelyreduced."XingQiang,anindependentresearcherandfounderofMicro-RocketUnion,anonprofitspaceresearchorganizationinBeijing,saidmankind'sexistingtechnologiesarenotgoodenoughforamannedmissiontoMarsandareonlysufficientforexpeditionswithahumancrewtoorbittheplanet."ThemostessentialpartinamannedMarsjourneywouldbeasuperpowerfulrocketequippedwithanupperstagecapableofmakinguptosixorbitalmaneuvers.Therocketwouldcarrysomanythings—allthenecessitiesastronautsneedonMarsandduringthereturnflight,"hesaid."EventheLongMarch9wouldnotbestrongenoughforsuchamission."LongMarch9,inresearchanddevelopment,isexpectedtobetheworld'smightiestrocket.Morethan1,000businessesandorganizationsfromseveralcountiesandcitiesinTaiwanareshowcasingtheirproductsandservicesattheongoingGuangzhouTaiwanCommoditiesFair.(Photosprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn)TheChinesemainlandhasworkedoutfavorableinvestmentpoliciestobetterhelpTaiwanentrepreneursdevelopinoneoftheworld'sbiggestmarkets,aseniorleadersaidonMondayinNanjing,Jiangsuprovince.WangYang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeople'sPoliticalConsultativeConference,said26measurestofurtherpromoteeconomicandculturalcooperationacrosstheTaiwanStraitstookeffectonMonday.Wangmadetheremarkwhileaddressingtheopeningceremonyofthe2019Cross-StraitsEntrepreneursZijinMountainSummit,heldinNanjingonMondayandTuesday.Morethan360companiesfromTaiwanand1,200companiesfromthemainlandareattendingthesummit.Thepolicies,calledthe"26measures",letTaiwan-fundedcompaniestakepartinproducingmajortechnicalequipment,5G,civilaviationandotheradvancedprojectsonthemainland,givingthemequalaccesstofinancing,tradereliefandimportandexportfacilitation.TheyalsoprovideTaiwanresidentslivingonthemainlandwithmoreconvenienceintransportation,housingandevaluationofprofessionaltitles."ThemainlandhasbeenTaiwan'slargestexportmarketfor18consecutiveyearsandbroughtalargesurplustoTaiwan,"Wangsaidinthespeech."ItisalsoTaiwan'slargestinvestmentdestinationoutsidetheisland,whichnotonlybringshugeprofitstoTaiwancompaniesbutalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofTaiwan'seconomy."AsurveyofTaiwan-fundedcompaniesatthebeginningoftheyearshowedthat94percentofthemwouldcontinuetoincreaseorstabilizetheirinvestmentonthemainland,"hesaid.FromJanuarytoSeptember,themainland'suseofTaiwancapitalroseby40percent,andmanyprojectswithatotalinvestmentofmorethan$1billionweresignedorstartedconstruction."Themainlandwas,isandwillalwaysbethebestchoiceforTaiwanbusinesspeopletoinvestanddevelop,"Wangsaid.SiewWan-chang,honorarychairmanoftheTaiwan-basedCross-StraitsCommonMarketFoundation,saidattheceremonythatthemeasureswilldeependevelopmentandestablishajointmarketbetweenTaiwanandthemainland."Despitetheglobaleconomicturmoilanddisputesinthecross-Straitsrelationshipinrecentyears,westillfirmlyholdtotheestablishedgoalsanddirections,andmakeeffortstobroadencooperationforcompaniesfromacrosstheStraits,"Siewsaid.LinPor-fong,chairmanofTaiwanGlassIndustryCorporation,saidthatthemainlandhasofferedlotsofhelp,shareddevelopmentopportunitiesandprovidedequaltreatmenttoTaiwancompanies."Themainlandhasputforwardthe'31measures'tohelpTaiwancompanies.Manyofushavebenefitedfromthem,andIbelievethatthe'26measures'willfurtherimprovetheinvestmentandlivingenvironmentofTaiwancompaniesandpeople,"Linsaid.The"31measures",unveiledlastyear,aimedtogiveTaiwanresidentswhostudyandworkonthemainlandthesametreatmentasmainlandresidents.Morethantwo-thirdsofTaiwan'stop100privatecompanieshaveinvestedinJiangsu.Morethan6,300projects,eachwithaninvestmentofmorethan$10million,havebeenstartedinJiangsubyTaiwancompanies,accordingtotheJiangsuprovincialTaiwanaffairsoffice.LouQinjian,PartysecretaryofJiangsu,saidtheprovincehasandwillcontinuetogivepreferentialpoliciestoTaiwancompaniestohelpthemdeveloponthemainland.

 

   RulecouldfurtherdevaluestartupJuul,leadingproducerofvapingproductsTheTrumpadministrationisexpectedtoannouncethisweekthattheUnitedStateswillbanalle-cigaretteproductsexceptthosethattasteliketobaccoandmenthol,arevisionfromitspreviousplantotakeoffthemarketallflavorede-cigarettes,accordingtomediareports.TherevisionistheresultofapushbackfromconservativegroupswhoarguetheoriginalplancouldhurtU.S.PresidentDonaldTrump'sstandingwithvotersnextyearbecausevapingispopularinkeystatesheneedstowinforreelection,TheWallStreetJournalreportedonSaturday,citinganunidentifiedWhiteHouseofficial.JuulLabsInc,theleadingproducerofvapinginhalers,sellstobaccopodsaswellasmintandmentholflavors.TrumpannouncedinSeptemberthattheFoodandDrugAdministration,orFDA,wouldbanthesweetandfruitye-cigaretteflavorspopularwithteenagers,leavingonlythoseflavoredliketobaccoonthemarket.Lastweek,AltriaGroupwrotedownitsinvestmentinSanFrancisco-basedJuulby$4.5billion,or35percent,fromthe$12.8billionthetobaccocompanyinvestedaboutayearago.ItcitedtheTrumpadministration'splannedbanone-cigaretteflavors,andthatJuulmaysustainfurtherhitstoitsvaluationasstateslooktobane-cigaretteflavorsthatappealtoyouthandcompriseabout80percentofdomesticvapingsales.Inreturnforthe$12.8billioninvestment,Altriareceiveda35percentstakeinJuulandentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket.ThedealvaultedJuulintothetopranksofSiliconValleystartups.Altria'sstakewasvaluedat$38millionlastyear,butisnowpeggedatabout$24billionbecause,inpart,futuresalesgrowthnolongerlooksstrong.ThroughOct29,theU.S.CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention,orCDC,reportedatotalof1,888casesoflunginjuryandatleastsevendeathsin49statesstemmingfromvaping.Thecauseoftheinjuriesisnotyetknown,butitappearstoberelatedtoTHC-infusedproductsandnottotobaccoorflavoredvapingproducts.Tetrahydroncannabinol,orTHC,istheactiveingredientincannabisthatgivesusersa"high"or"buzz"."ThelatestnationalandstatefindingsuggestproductscontainingTHCarelinkedtomostofthecasesandplayamajorroleintheoutbreak,"theCDCsaid."Atthistime,theFoodandDrugAdministrationandtheCDChavenotidentifiedthecauseorcausesofthelunginjuriesinthesecases,andtheonlycommonalityamongallcasesisthatpatientsreporttheuseofe-cigarettes,orvapingproducts."Altria'sthird-quarterearningsgrew0.3percentfromthesameperiodayearto$6.9billion"primarilyduetohighernetrevenueinthesmokelessproductssegment",thecompanyreported.AltriaisbestknownforMarlborocigarettes,butalsomarketssmokelessproductsbrandedasCopenhagenandSkoal.Duetochangingmarketconditions,Altria,parentcompanyofPhilipMorrisUSA,lowereditsthree-yeargrowthforecastto5-to-8percentfrom7-to-9percent.VapingproductsareimportanttoAltria'sfuturebecausetobaccosalesintheU.S.continuetodecline.CigarettesmokingamongU.S.adultsaged18andabovefellto15.5percentofthepopulationin2016from20.9percentin2005.Still,theCDCsaidabout38millionU.S.citizenssmokedcigarettes"everyday"oron"somedays".TheU.S.SurgeonGeneralfirstwarnedofthedangersofsmokingin1964.Sincethen,smokinghasbeenlinkedto87percentoflungcancerdeathsintheU.S.and32percentofcoronaryheartdiseasedeathsand79percentofallcasesofchronicobstructivepulmonarydisease.Initially,vapingwasviewedasalessdangerousalternativetosmokingbecausenicotinecanbedeliveredwithoutburningtobaccoandthepaperwrappingofcigarettes.AresearchpaperledbyDavidLevy,aprofessorofoncologyatGeorgetownUniversity,saidAltria'sinvestmentinJuulbenefitedbothcompanies:JuulgainedAltria'smarketingcloutandlegalprowessindefendingpatentinfringementandconsumerhealthclaimswhilethetobaccocompanygainedentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket."Fromapublichealthperspective,theimpactofthedealwilldependonwhetheritleadstoincreasedcigaretteuse(throughincreasedinitiationorlesscessation)orlesscigaretteuse(asameansofcessationorinitiationintoe-cigaretteornouseratherthancigarettes)thanwouldhaveoccurredintheabsenceofe-cigarettes,"theresearcherssaid."ThefuturepublichealthimpactoftheAltria-JuulLabsdeal...willlikelydependonhowthedealaffectsmarketcompetitionandfutureFDAregulation."RulecouldfurtherdevaluestartupJuul,leadingproducerofvapingproductsTheTrumpadministrationisexpectedtoannouncethisweekthattheUnitedStateswillbanalle-cigaretteproductsexceptthosethattasteliketobaccoandmenthol,arevisionfromitspreviousplantotakeoffthemarketallflavorede-cigarettes,accordingtomediareports.TherevisionistheresultofapushbackfromconservativegroupswhoarguetheoriginalplancouldhurtU.S.PresidentDonaldTrump'sstandingwithvotersnextyearbecausevapingispopularinkeystatesheneedstowinforreelection,TheWallStreetJournalreportedonSaturday,citinganunidentifiedWhiteHouseofficial.JuulLabsInc,theleadingproducerofvapinginhalers,sellstobaccopodsaswellasmintandmentholflavors.TrumpannouncedinSeptemberthattheFoodandDrugAdministration,orFDA,wouldbanthesweetandfruitye-cigaretteflavorspopularwithteenagers,leavingonlythoseflavoredliketobaccoonthemarket.Lastweek,AltriaGroupwrotedownitsinvestmentinSanFrancisco-basedJuulby$4.5billion,or35percent,fromthe$12.8billionthetobaccocompanyinvestedaboutayearago.ItcitedtheTrumpadministration'splannedbanone-cigaretteflavors,andthatJuulmaysustainfurtherhitstoitsvaluationasstateslooktobane-cigaretteflavorsthatappealtoyouthandcompriseabout80percentofdomesticvapingsales.Inreturnforthe$12.8billioninvestment,Altriareceiveda35percentstakeinJuulandentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket.ThedealvaultedJuulintothetopranksofSiliconValleystartups.Altria'sstakewasvaluedat$38millionlastyear,butisnowpeggedatabout$24billionbecause,inpart,futuresalesgrowthnolongerlooksstrong.ThroughOct29,theU.S.CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention,orCDC,reportedatotalof1,888casesoflunginjuryandatleastsevendeathsin49statesstemmingfromvaping.Thecauseoftheinjuriesisnotyetknown,butitappearstoberelatedtoTHC-infusedproductsandnottotobaccoorflavoredvapingproducts.Tetrahydroncannabinol,orTHC,istheactiveingredientincannabisthatgivesusersa"high"or"buzz"."ThelatestnationalandstatefindingsuggestproductscontainingTHCarelinkedtomostofthecasesandplayamajorroleintheoutbreak,"theCDCsaid."Atthistime,theFoodandDrugAdministrationandtheCDChavenotidentifiedthecauseorcausesofthelunginjuriesinthesecases,andtheonlycommonalityamongallcasesisthatpatientsreporttheuseofe-cigarettes,orvapingproducts."Altria'sthird-quarterearningsgrew0.3percentfromthesameperiodayearto$6.9billion"primarilyduetohighernetrevenueinthesmokelessproductssegment",thecompanyreported.AltriaisbestknownforMarlborocigarettes,butalsomarketssmokelessproductsbrandedasCopenhagenandSkoal.Duetochangingmarketconditions,Altria,parentcompanyofPhilipMorrisUSA,lowereditsthree-yeargrowthforecastto5-to-8percentfrom7-to-9percent.VapingproductsareimportanttoAltria'sfuturebecausetobaccosalesintheU.S.continuetodecline.CigarettesmokingamongU.S.adultsaged18andabovefellto15.5percentofthepopulationin2016from20.9percentin2005.Still,theCDCsaidabout38millionU.S.citizenssmokedcigarettes"everyday"oron"somedays".TheU.S.SurgeonGeneralfirstwarnedofthedangersofsmokingin1964.Sincethen,smokinghasbeenlinkedto87percentoflungcancerdeathsintheU.S.and32percentofcoronaryheartdiseasedeathsand79percentofallcasesofchronicobstructivepulmonarydisease.Initially,vapingwasviewedasalessdangerousalternativetosmokingbecausenicotinecanbedeliveredwithoutburningtobaccoandthepaperwrappingofcigarettes.AresearchpaperledbyDavidLevy,aprofessorofoncologyatGeorgetownUniversity,saidAltria'sinvestmentinJuulbenefitedbothcompanies:JuulgainedAltria'smarketingcloutandlegalprowessindefendingpatentinfringementandconsumerhealthclaimswhilethetobaccocompanygainedentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket."Fromapublichealthperspective,theimpactofthedealwilldependonwhetheritleadstoincreasedcigaretteuse(throughincreasedinitiationorlesscessation)orlesscigaretteuse(asameansofcessationorinitiationintoe-cigaretteornouseratherthancigarettes)thanwouldhaveoccurredintheabsenceofe-cigarettes,"theresearcherssaid."ThefuturepublichealthimpactoftheAltria-JuulLabsdeal...willlikelydependonhowthedealaffectsmarketcompetitionandfutureFDAregulation."

 

   RulecouldfurtherdevaluestartupJuul,leadingproducerofvapingproductsTheTrumpadministrationisexpectedtoannouncethisweekthattheUnitedStateswillbanalle-cigaretteproductsexceptthosethattasteliketobaccoandmenthol,arevisionfromitspreviousplantotakeoffthemarketallflavorede-cigarettes,accordingtomediareports.TherevisionistheresultofapushbackfromconservativegroupswhoarguetheoriginalplancouldhurtU.S.PresidentDonaldTrump'sstandingwithvotersnextyearbecausevapingispopularinkeystatesheneedstowinforreelection,TheWallStreetJournalreportedonSaturday,citinganunidentifiedWhiteHouseofficial.JuulLabsInc,theleadingproducerofvapinginhalers,sellstobaccopodsaswellasmintandmentholflavors.TrumpannouncedinSeptemberthattheFoodandDrugAdministration,orFDA,wouldbanthesweetandfruitye-cigaretteflavorspopularwithteenagers,leavingonlythoseflavoredliketobaccoonthemarket.Lastweek,AltriaGroupwrotedownitsinvestmentinSanFrancisco-basedJuulby$4.5billion,or35percent,fromthe$12.8billionthetobaccocompanyinvestedaboutayearago.ItcitedtheTrumpadministration'splannedbanone-cigaretteflavors,andthatJuulmaysustainfurtherhitstoitsvaluationasstateslooktobane-cigaretteflavorsthatappealtoyouthandcompriseabout80percentofdomesticvapingsales.Inreturnforthe$12.8billioninvestment,Altriareceiveda35percentstakeinJuulandentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket.ThedealvaultedJuulintothetopranksofSiliconValleystartups.Altria'sstakewasvaluedat$38millionlastyear,butisnowpeggedatabout$24billionbecause,inpart,futuresalesgrowthnolongerlooksstrong.ThroughOct29,theU.S.CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention,orCDC,reportedatotalof1,888casesoflunginjuryandatleastsevendeathsin49statesstemmingfromvaping.Thecauseoftheinjuriesisnotyetknown,butitappearstoberelatedtoTHC-infusedproductsandnottotobaccoorflavoredvapingproducts.Tetrahydroncannabinol,orTHC,istheactiveingredientincannabisthatgivesusersa"high"or"buzz"."ThelatestnationalandstatefindingsuggestproductscontainingTHCarelinkedtomostofthecasesandplayamajorroleintheoutbreak,"theCDCsaid."Atthistime,theFoodandDrugAdministrationandtheCDChavenotidentifiedthecauseorcausesofthelunginjuriesinthesecases,andtheonlycommonalityamongallcasesisthatpatientsreporttheuseofe-cigarettes,orvapingproducts."Altria'sthird-quarterearningsgrew0.3percentfromthesameperiodayearto$6.9billion"primarilyduetohighernetrevenueinthesmokelessproductssegment",thecompanyreported.AltriaisbestknownforMarlborocigarettes,butalsomarketssmokelessproductsbrandedasCopenhagenandSkoal.Duetochangingmarketconditions,Altria,parentcompanyofPhilipMorrisUSA,lowereditsthree-yeargrowthforecastto5-to-8percentfrom7-to-9percent.VapingproductsareimportanttoAltria'sfuturebecausetobaccosalesintheU.S.continuetodecline.CigarettesmokingamongU.S.adultsaged18andabovefellto15.5percentofthepopulationin2016from20.9percentin2005.Still,theCDCsaidabout38millionU.S.citizenssmokedcigarettes"everyday"oron"somedays".TheU.S.SurgeonGeneralfirstwarnedofthedangersofsmokingin1964.Sincethen,smokinghasbeenlinkedto87percentoflungcancerdeathsintheU.S.and32percentofcoronaryheartdiseasedeathsand79percentofallcasesofchronicobstructivepulmonarydisease.Initially,vapingwasviewedasalessdangerousalternativetosmokingbecausenicotinecanbedeliveredwithoutburningtobaccoandthepaperwrappingofcigarettes.AresearchpaperledbyDavidLevy,aprofessorofoncologyatGeorgetownUniversity,saidAltria'sinvestmentinJuulbenefitedbothcompanies:JuulgainedAltria'smarketingcloutandlegalprowessindefendingpatentinfringementandconsumerhealthclaimswhilethetobaccocompanygainedentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket."Fromapublichealthperspective,theimpactofthedealwilldependonwhetheritleadstoincreasedcigaretteuse(throughincreasedinitiationorlesscessation)orlesscigaretteuse(asameansofcessationorinitiationintoe-cigaretteornouseratherthancigarettes)thanwouldhaveoccurredintheabsenceofe-cigarettes,"theresearcherssaid."ThefuturepublichealthimpactoftheAltria-JuulLabsdeal...willlikelydependonhowthedealaffectsmarketcompetitionandfutureFDAregulation."RulecouldfurtherdevaluestartupJuul,leadingproducerofvapingproductsTheTrumpadministrationisexpectedtoannouncethisweekthattheUnitedStateswillbanalle-cigaretteproductsexceptthosethattasteliketobaccoandmenthol,arevisionfromitspreviousplantotakeoffthemarketallflavorede-cigarettes,accordingtomediareports.TherevisionistheresultofapushbackfromconservativegroupswhoarguetheoriginalplancouldhurtU.S.PresidentDonaldTrump'sstandingwithvotersnextyearbecausevapingispopularinkeystatesheneedstowinforreelection,TheWallStreetJournalreportedonSaturday,citinganunidentifiedWhiteHouseofficial.JuulLabsInc,theleadingproducerofvapinginhalers,sellstobaccopodsaswellasmintandmentholflavors.TrumpannouncedinSeptemberthattheFoodandDrugAdministration,orFDA,wouldbanthesweetandfruitye-cigaretteflavorspopularwithteenagers,leavingonlythoseflavoredliketobaccoonthemarket.Lastweek,AltriaGroupwrotedownitsinvestmentinSanFrancisco-basedJuulby$4.5billion,or35percent,fromthe$12.8billionthetobaccocompanyinvestedaboutayearago.ItcitedtheTrumpadministration'splannedbanone-cigaretteflavors,andthatJuulmaysustainfurtherhitstoitsvaluationasstateslooktobane-cigaretteflavorsthatappealtoyouthandcompriseabout80percentofdomesticvapingsales.Inreturnforthe$12.8billioninvestment,Altriareceiveda35percentstakeinJuulandentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket.ThedealvaultedJuulintothetopranksofSiliconValleystartups.Altria'sstakewasvaluedat$38millionlastyear,butisnowpeggedatabout$24billionbecause,inpart,futuresalesgrowthnolongerlooksstrong.ThroughOct29,theU.S.CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention,orCDC,reportedatotalof1,888casesoflunginjuryandatleastsevendeathsin49statesstemmingfromvaping.Thecauseoftheinjuriesisnotyetknown,butitappearstoberelatedtoTHC-infusedproductsandnottotobaccoorflavoredvapingproducts.Tetrahydroncannabinol,orTHC,istheactiveingredientincannabisthatgivesusersa"high"or"buzz"."ThelatestnationalandstatefindingsuggestproductscontainingTHCarelinkedtomostofthecasesandplayamajorroleintheoutbreak,"theCDCsaid."Atthistime,theFoodandDrugAdministrationandtheCDChavenotidentifiedthecauseorcausesofthelunginjuriesinthesecases,andtheonlycommonalityamongallcasesisthatpatientsreporttheuseofe-cigarettes,orvapingproducts."Altria'sthird-quarterearningsgrew0.3percentfromthesameperiodayearto$6.9billion"primarilyduetohighernetrevenueinthesmokelessproductssegment",thecompanyreported.AltriaisbestknownforMarlborocigarettes,butalsomarketssmokelessproductsbrandedasCopenhagenandSkoal.Duetochangingmarketconditions,Altria,parentcompanyofPhilipMorrisUSA,lowereditsthree-yeargrowthforecastto5-to-8percentfrom7-to-9percent.VapingproductsareimportanttoAltria'sfuturebecausetobaccosalesintheU.S.continuetodecline.CigarettesmokingamongU.S.adultsaged18andabovefellto15.5percentofthepopulationin2016from20.9percentin2005.Still,theCDCsaidabout38millionU.S.citizenssmokedcigarettes"everyday"oron"somedays".TheU.S.SurgeonGeneralfirstwarnedofthedangersofsmokingin1964.Sincethen,smokinghasbeenlinkedto87percentoflungcancerdeathsintheU.S.and32percentofcoronaryheartdiseasedeathsand79percentofallcasesofchronicobstructivepulmonarydisease.Initially,vapingwasviewedasalessdangerousalternativetosmokingbecausenicotinecanbedeliveredwithoutburningtobaccoandthepaperwrappingofcigarettes.AresearchpaperledbyDavidLevy,aprofessorofoncologyatGeorgetownUniversity,saidAltria'sinvestmentinJuulbenefitedbothcompanies:JuulgainedAltria'smarketingcloutandlegalprowessindefendingpatentinfringementandconsumerhealthclaimswhilethetobaccocompanygainedentryintowhatithopedwouldbealucrativenewmarket."Fromapublichealthperspective,theimpactofthedealwilldependonwhetheritleadstoincreasedcigaretteuse(throughincreasedinitiationorlesscessation)orlesscigaretteuse(asameansofcessationorinitiationintoe-cigaretteornouseratherthancigarettes)thanwouldhaveoccurredintheabsenceofe-cigarettes,"theresearcherssaid."ThefuturepublichealthimpactoftheAltria-JuulLabsdeal...willlikelydependonhowthedealaffectsmarketcompetitionandfutureFDAregulation."

 

   AsplannersformannedspacemissionsmovesteadilytowardthegoalofplacingChineseastronautsonthemoon,theyhavealsostartedsettingtheirsightsonamuchfartherdestination—Mars.Scientistshavebeenmakingpreparationsforthecountry'smannedlunarmissions,includingtheestablishmentofamannedscientificoutpost,accordingtothenation'sleadingspacecontractor,ChinaAerospaceScienceandTechnologyCorp.ThecompanysaidtheultimategoalofChina'slunarexpeditionsistolaythescientificandtechnologicalfoundationsformannedmissionstoMars."Thenextstepsin(China's)mannedspaceprogramswillbemannedexplorationofthemoon,"theState-ownedspaceconglomeratequotedmannedspaceprogramofficialsassayinginastatementsentto-ChinaDaily."(Wewill)setupbasesonthemoontoconductscientificoperations,expandahabitableplaceformankindandgainexperienceandexpertisefordeep-spaceexpeditionsbeyondthemoon.Thelong-termgoalistosendhumanstoMars."ItisthefirsttimethatChina'sspaceindustryhaspubliclyunveiledaplanformannedmissionstotheredplanet.PangZhihao,aspacetechnologyresearcherinBeijing,saiditisverymeaningfulformankindtoreachMars,addingthatsomeChinesescientistshaveproposedamannedMarsmissionbefore2050."SendingastronautstherewillgivemanbetteropportunitiestolookfortracesoflifeonMars.Thisisimportantbecauseinoursolarsystem,MarsresemblesEarththemost,soresearchintothepossibilityoftheexistenceoflifetherewillenableustobetterunderstandtheoriginandevolutionoflifeonourmotherplanet."Also,therearetheoriesthatMarswasverysimilartoEarthintermsofenvironmentbillionsofyearsago,somannedmissionswillallowextended,specificsurveysthatwillhelptoforecasthowEarthwilllikelygrow,"theresearchersaid.IfexistingunmannedmissionsfindanyformofwateronMars,thenastronautscanbesenttheretoestablishoutpoststoexplorethefeasibilityoflarge-scaleinterplanetaryimmigrationincaseofcatastrophiccontingenciesonEarthlikeanimpactfromextraterrestrialbodies,accordingtoPang.However,scientistsandengineersmustovercomeagreatmanydifficultiestosendamannedmissiontoMars,hesaid."Firstofall,MarsisveryfarfromEarth—theclosestdistanceis55millionkilometers,whichmeansaroundtripwilltakemorethan500days,"theresearchersaid."Second,puttingamannedrocketintotheEarth-Marstransfertrajectorywillrequireittobeabletoflyattheescapevelocity,or11.2kmpersecond."OtherfactorsthatshouldbetakenintoconsiderationincludedisturbancesincommunicationbetweenaMars-boundspacecraftandEarth,sourcesofenergytosustainoperationsonMarsandastronauts'healthriskscausedbyalengthystayonMars."Thedecreaseofbonemineraldensity,spaceradiationandmentalhealthwillposethreatstoastronautsandtheirmissions.Scientistswillneedtodevelopareliablebioregenerativelife-supportsystem,"Pangsaid."Ofcourse,iftheydevelopsomesortofgame-changingpropulsionsystemlikeanuclear-poweredrocket,thenthetimeneededforaMarsjourneywouldbetremendouslyshortenedandsuchamission'scomplexitywouldbehugelyreduced."XingQiang,anindependentresearcherandfounderofMicro-RocketUnion,anonprofitspaceresearchorganizationinBeijing,saidmankind'sexistingtechnologiesarenotgoodenoughforamannedmissiontoMarsandareonlysufficientforexpeditionswithahumancrewtoorbittheplanet."ThemostessentialpartinamannedMarsjourneywouldbeasuperpowerfulrocketequippedwithanupperstagecapableofmakinguptosixorbitalmaneuvers.Therocketwouldcarrysomanythings—allthenecessitiesastronautsneedonMarsandduringthereturnflight,"hesaid."EventheLongMarch9wouldnotbestrongenoughforsuchamission."LongMarch9,inresearchanddevelopment,isexpectedtobetheworld'smightiestrocket.Morethan1,000businessesandorganizationsfromseveralcountiesandcitiesinTaiwanareshowcasingtheirproductsandservicesattheongoingGuangzhouTaiwanCommoditiesFair.(Photosprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn)TheChinesemainlandhasworkedoutfavorableinvestmentpoliciestobetterhelpTaiwanentrepreneursdevelopinoneoftheworld'sbiggestmarkets,aseniorleadersaidonMondayinNanjing,Jiangsuprovince.WangYang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeople'sPoliticalConsultativeConference,said26measurestofurtherpromoteeconomicandculturalcooperationacrosstheTaiwanStraitstookeffectonMonday.Wangmadetheremarkwhileaddressingtheopeningceremonyofthe2019Cross-StraitsEntrepreneursZijinMountainSummit,heldinNanjingonMondayandTuesday.Morethan360companiesfromTaiwanand1,200companiesfromthemainlandareattendingthesummit.Thepolicies,calledthe"26measures",letTaiwan-fundedcompaniestakepartinproducingmajortechnicalequipment,5G,civilaviationandotheradvancedprojectsonthemainland,givingthemequalaccesstofinancing,tradereliefandimportandexportfacilitation.TheyalsoprovideTaiwanresidentslivingonthemainlandwithmoreconvenienceintransportation,housingandevaluationofprofessionaltitles."ThemainlandhasbeenTaiwan'slargestexportmarketfor18consecutiveyearsandbroughtalargesurplustoTaiwan,"Wangsaidinthespeech."ItisalsoTaiwan'slargestinvestmentdestinationoutsidetheisland,whichnotonlybringshugeprofitstoTaiwancompaniesbutalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofTaiwan'seconomy."AsurveyofTaiwan-fundedcompaniesatthebeginningoftheyearshowedthat94percentofthemwouldcontinuetoincreaseorstabilizetheirinvestmentonthemainland,"hesaid.FromJanuarytoSeptember,themainland'suseofTaiwancapitalroseby40percent,andmanyprojectswithatotalinvestmentofmorethan$1billionweresignedorstartedconstruction."Themainlandwas,isandwillalwaysbethebestchoiceforTaiwanbusinesspeopletoinvestanddevelop,"Wangsaid.SiewWan-chang,honorarychairmanoftheTaiwan-basedCross-StraitsCommonMarketFoundation,saidattheceremonythatthemeasureswilldeependevelopmentandestablishajointmarketbetweenTaiwanandthemainland."Despitetheglobaleconomicturmoilanddisputesinthecross-Straitsrelationshipinrecentyears,westillfirmlyholdtotheestablishedgoalsanddirections,andmakeeffortstobroadencooperationforcompaniesfromacrosstheStraits,"Siewsaid.LinPor-fong,chairmanofTaiwanGlassIndustryCorporation,saidthatthemainlandhasofferedlotsofhelp,shareddevelopmentopportunitiesandprovidedequaltreatmenttoTaiwancompanies."Themainlandhasputforwardthe'31measures'tohelpTaiwancompanies.Manyofushavebenefitedfromthem,andIbelievethatthe'26measures'willfurtherimprovetheinvestmentandlivingenvironmentofTaiwancompaniesandpeople,"Linsaid.The"31measures",unveiledlastyear,aimedtogiveTaiwanresidentswhostudyandworkonthemainlandthesametreatmentasmainlandresidents.Morethantwo-thirdsofTaiwan'stop100privatecompanieshaveinvestedinJiangsu.Morethan6,300projects,eachwithaninvestmentofmorethan$10million,havebeenstartedinJiangsubyTaiwancompanies,accordingtotheJiangsuprovincialTaiwanaffairsoffice.LouQinjian,PartysecretaryofJiangsu,saidtheprovincehasandwillcontinuetogivepreferentialpoliciestoTaiwancompaniestohelpthemdeveloponthemainland.

 

  (环彦博 20191115 环彦博)

信息来源: 湖南日报    责任编辑: 环彦博
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